Naturalization & Citizenship

How to Become a US Citizen

How does a person become a US citizen? Naturalization is a multi-step process that must be approached with care at every step in order to avoid traps that lead to denials. In order to become a citizen, there are minimum requirements for eligibility, including:


  • You must be 18 years of age (unless your parent is a citizen)
  • You must have been a lawful permanent resident (green card holder) for at least 5 years or member of the military
  • You must have spent two and a half years within the United States
  • You must demonstrate good moral character

Filing, Interview, and Biometrics:

Once these minimum requirements are met, you may file a form N-400 along with a copy of your green card and filing fees. If the application is approved, you will be called for an interview that involves the following items:

  • Questions regarding your background
  • A test demonstrating knowledge of the English language (with exceptions)
  • A test demonstrating knowledge of US history and government*

*You must answer 12 out of 20 questions correctly in order to pass

At the interview, the USCIS officer will also expect you to bring the required documentation, including your green card and a copy of your passport. If you passed the interview, a biometrics appointment will need to be set up. This ensures the government that there haven’t been any crimes committed since you first obtained a green card.

Oath and Citizenship

Following biometrics, you will be invited to an oath ceremony where you will become a naturalized US citizen. Once the oath ceremony complete, congratulations! You are now a US citizen. You should then apply for your US passport and update your social security status ot ensure you receive the appropriate benefits.

Why become a US citizen?

Some people are perfectly happy residing in the United States without applying for citizenship. The naturalization process comes with great benefits, including:

  • Voting in US elections
  • Passing down US citizenship to children
  • Working in positions reserved for US citizens
  • Violating of certain laws will not result in deportation
  • No need to renew green card status every ten years
  • Easier travel

If you want to apply for naturalization or have questions regarding the process, call us today at (713) 909 0752, schedule a consultation online through  Calendly – nsimmigrationlawfirm or email at to set up a consultation.

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